Articles in Italian

grammar-01

In Italian we have Articoli Determinativi (Definite Articles) and Articoli Indeterminativi (Undefinite Articles).

We have 8 Articoli Determinativi corresponding to the English the:

il – lo – l’ – la – l’ – i – gli – le

Masculine

  • il in front of singular nouns starting with a consonant
  • lo in front of singular nouns starting with s+consonant, z, y, ps, pn, gn, x
  • l’ in front of singular nouns starting with a vowel
  • i in front of plural nouns starting with a consonant
  • gli in front of plural nouns starting with s+consonant, z, y, ps, pn, gn, x or with a vowel

Feminine

  • la in front of singular nouns starting with a consonant 
  • l’ in front of singular nouns starting with a vowel
  • le in front of plural nouns

We also have 4 Articoli Indeterminativi corresponding to the English a:

Masculine

  • un in front of singular nouns starting with a consonant ow with a vowel
  • uno in front of singular nouns starting with s+consonant, z, y, ps, pn, gn, x

Feminine

  • una in front of singular nouns starting with a consonant 
  • un’ in front of singular nouns starting with a vowel

As you probably noticed, the Articoli Indeterminativi don’t have plural forms!


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