Congiuntivo Hope and Fear in Italian

Italian Grammar Tip


In Italian the subjunctive tense is a currently used form. Rather than stating facts, it expresses doubt, possibility, uncertainty, or personal feelings. It can also express emotions, desire, or suggestions.

In this post we focus on the expression of hope and fear.

Certain verbs that suggest hope like “spero“, and verbs that express fear like “temo” or “ho paura” require the use of the subjunctive.


  • Temo che Eva e Maria arrivino in ritardo. (I’m afraid Eva and Maria are late)
  • Francesca teme che il bambino nasca prematuro. (Francesca is afraid the baby will born premature)
  • Ho paura che voi non finiate l’esame in tempo. (I’m afraid you are not finishing the test on time)
  • I miei genitori sperano che noi li andiamo a trovare. (My parents hope we go and see them)
  • Il mio ragazzo spera che io parta il mese prossimo. (My boyfriend hopes I leave next month)

Here you can find the conjugation of the Present Subjunctive Tense of the Italian Regular Verbs.

io arrivi nasca parta
tu arrivi nasca parta
lui, lei, Lei arrivi nasca parta
noi arriviamo nasciamo partiamo
voi arriviate nasciate partiate
loro, Loro arrivino nascano partano

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