Possessive Adjectives in Spanish

Now that knowledge of tener is conquered to jolly show off what we possess in a conversation with nearest, dearest and not, we had better keep posting snaps of our latest acquisitions carefully choosing how to word the caption that goes along. So, to brag that we are the new proud owner of the cutest puppy, techiest phone or trendiest garment on social media, why not relying on los adjetivos posesivos? A simple minuscule word preceding our possession plus a hashtag and tons of likes will flock as if there is no tomorrow.

 

MASCULINO SINGULAR MASCULINO PLURAL
YO

MI 

(my)

MIS 

(my)

TU

TU 

(your)

TUS 

(your)

ÉL/ELLA

SU 

(his/her/its)

SUS 

(his/her/its)

NOSOTROS

NUESTRO 

(our)

NUESTROS 

(our)

VOSOTROS

VUESTRO 

(your)

VUESTROS 

(your)

ELLOS/ELLAS

SU

(their)

SUS

(their)

 

FEMENINO SINGULAR FEMENINO PLURAL
YO

MI

(my)

MIS 

(my)

TU

TU

(your)

TUS 

(your)

ÉL/ELLA

SU

(his/her/its)

SUS 

(his/her/its)

NOSOTROS

NUESTRA

(our)

NUESTRAS 

(our)

VOSOTROS

VUESTRA

(your)

VUESTRAS 

(your)

ELLOS/ELLAS

SU

(their)

SUS 

(their)

 

It may seem like one would struggle to remember all Spanish possessive adjectives above, especially compared to the very compact set available in English. However, we only really need to memorise five forms, namely mi, tu, su, nuestro and vuestro, then apply necessary adjustments. In fact, the first three are the same for both genders and simply take an -s to make the plural, whilst the latter two observe all four forms as seen for nouns. Finally, third person plural possessive adjectives are exactly the same as the ones for third person singular forms.
It is absolutely key to note, though, that possessive adjectives in Spanish agree in gender and number with the possession -either a living being, an abstract concept or an object-, rather than the possessor.

Let’s see some examples!

Spanish English
Tengo un coche nuevo. Mi coche es rojo. I have a new car. My new car is red.
Tus zapatos están sucios. Your shoes are dirty.
Su casa es muy grande. His/her house is very big.
Nuestros padres están de vacaciones. Our parents are on holidays.
Vuestra amiga es colombiana. Your female friend is from Colombia.
Han perdido sus maletas. They lost their suitcases.

 


Have a look at more Spanish Resources  or watch a some video tutorials from our our YouTube Channel

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