Possessive Pronouns in Spanish | Grammar Tip

Spanish Grammar Tip

Spanish Possessive Pronouns

Los pronombres posesivos (Spanish possessive pronouns) are used to replace a noun or noun phrase previously mentioned. For this reason, they always agree in gender and number with the possessed entity (never the possessor, like in English) and never go before the noun. Generally, they are preceded by a definite article (el, la, los, las), although they can also go without it.

Here is the full list of Spanish possessive pronouns:

ENGLISH EQUIVALENT SINGULAR PLURAL
mine (el ) mío / (la) mía (los) míos / (las) mías
yours (el ) tuyo / (la) tuya (los) tuyos / (las) tuyas
his / hers (el ) suyo / (la) suya (los) suyos / (las) suyas
ours (el ) nuestro / (la) nuestra (los) nuestros / (las) nuestras
yours (el ) vuestro / (la) vuestra (los) vuestros / (las) vuestras
theirs (el ) suyo / (la) suya (los) suyos / (las) suyas

 

Spanish possessive pronouns usually follow the verb ser (to be).

¿De quién es este libro? → Whose this book?
Es mío. → It’s mine.

¿Estas gafas son tuyas? → Are these your glasses?
No, son suyas. → No, they’re hers.

¿Cómo has llegado? → How did you get here?
En bici, tu piso queda muy cerca del (de + el) mío. → By bike, your flat is very close to mine.

Whenever the neutral article lo precedes the masculine singular form of a possessive pronoun (mío, tuyo, suyo, nuestro, vuestro), the expression comes to allude to someone’s speciality, expertise, strength or vocation.

Here are some examples:

Lo mío es el fútbol. → Footbal is my thing.
Lo tuyo es cocinar. → Cooking is your speciality.
Lo mío no son las matemáticas. → Maths is not my forte.


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