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Possessive Adjectives in Italian

grammar-01

 

Italian possessive adjectives agree in gender (masculine/feminine) and in number (singular/plural) with the noun they refer to.

The Italian possessive adjectives are preceded by definite articles and agree in gender with the noun possessed, not with the possessor. Examples:

  • La mia macchina (f. s.)
  • Il tuo gelato (m. pl.)
  • Il suo (m. s.)
  • I nostri gatti (m. pl.)
  • La vostra frutta (f. s.)
  • Le loro amiche (f. pl.)

MASCULINE S.

(il)

MASCULINE PL.

(i)

mio

miei

tuo

tuoi

suo

suoi

nostro

nostri

vostro

vostri

loro

loro

 

FEMININE S.

(la)

FEMININE PL.

(le)

mia mie
tua tue
sua sue
nostra nostre
vostra vostre
loro loro

 

Don’t be scared of this table – we have good news for you! In English we say his to say something belongs to a man, and hers to say it belongs to a woman.

In Italian there is no such distinction! The adjective remains the same regardeless of whether the owner is a male or female. Look:

  • His house/ her house = la sua casa
  • His dog/ her dog = il suo cane

It does change for the quantity:

  • his houses / her houses / its houses = le sue case
  • his dogs / her dogs / its dogs = i suoi cani

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Questions

  • 1

    Toni
    Reply

    So I was wondering how to say something like “That’s yours” or “The cat is yours”; I want to know how you would say “yours”.

    • Paolo La Gamma

      Hi Toni,

      That’s yours” is Questo è tuo

      The cat is yours is Il gatto è tuo

  • 1

    Nick
    Reply

    In italian I’ve noticed they say:

    “Il mio libro” ( my book ), instead of just “mio libro” – like we have in english.

    But I’ve also seen many cases where they drop the article, I can’t find any exact examples but I see it often in shows and books.

    how do we know when to use the articles “il” or “la”?

    • Paolo La Gamma

      Hi Nick, we do not use article before singular family name.

      Mio fratello, i miei fratelli

      mio cugino, i miei cugini

  • 0

    Paolo La Gamma
    Reply

    Have a look at this post to see how articles work:

    https://www.happylanguages.co.uk/lesson/italian-articles/

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