Possessive Adjectives in Italian

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grammar-01

 

Italian possessive adjectives agree in gender (masculine/feminine) and in number (singular/plural) with the noun they refer to.

The Italian possessive adjectives are preceded by definite articles and agree in gender with the noun possessed, not with the possessor. Examples:

  • La mia macchina (f. s.)
  • Il tuo gelato (m. pl.)
  • Il suo (m. s.)
  • I nostri gatti (m. pl.)
  • La vostra frutta (f. s.)
  • Le loro amiche (f. pl.)

MASCULINE S.

(il)

MASCULINE PL.

(i)

mio

miei

tuo

tuoi

suo

suoi

nostro

nostri

vostro

vostri

loro

loro

 

FEMININE S.

(la)

FEMININE PL.

(le)

mia mie
tua tue
sua sue
nostra nostre
vostra vostre
loro loro

 

Don’t be scared of this table – we have good news for you! In English we say his to say something belongs to a man, and hers to say it belongs to a woman.

In Italian there is no such distinction! The adjective remains the same regardeless of whether the owner is a male or female. Look:

  • His house/ her house = la sua casa
  • His dog/ her dog = il suo cane

It does change for the quantity:

  • his houses / her houses / its houses = le sue case
  • his dogs / her dogs / its dogs = i suoi cani

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